The doctor is the general name addressed to medical experts but they have their expertise field which categorises them with their specialities who we have to consult for different types of sicknesses.
There are several medical specialities. Here are some of the most common specialists whom we must know.
Allergists or Immunologists are those specialists who treat immune system disorders such as asthma, eczema, food allergies, insect sting allergies, and some autoimmune diseases.
Next comes the Cardiologists who are experts on the heart and blood vessels.
You might see them for heart failure, a heart attack, high blood pressure, or an irregular heartbeat.
Dermatologists can help to treat the skin, hair, nails, moles, scars, acne, or skin allergies.
Endocrinologists are the experts on hormones and metabolism. They can treat conditions like diabetes, thyroid problems, infertility, and calcium and bone disorders.
Gastroenterologists are specialists in digestive organs, including the stomach, bowels, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder.
You might see them for abdominal pain, ulcers, diarrhoea, jaundice, or cancers in your digestive organs.
They also do a colonoscopy and other tests for colon cancer.
Next are the ones who are called Infectious Disease Specialists, who diagnose and treat infections in any part of your body, like fevers, Lyme disease, pneumonia, tuberculosis, and HIV and AIDS.
Some of them specialize in preventive medicine or travel medicine.
Another interesting set of people are the Internists who are primary-care doctors who treat both common and complex illnesses, usually only in adults.
Internists often have advanced training in a host of subspecialties, like heart disease, cancer, or adolescent or sleep medicine.
There are some who are called Medical Geneticists and they are specialists that diagnose and treat hereditary disorders.
Nephrologists treat kidney diseases as well as high blood pressure and fluid and mineral imbalances linked to kidney disease.
Neurologists are specialists in the nervous system, which includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.
They treat strokes, brain and spinal tumours, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease.
Obstetricians and Gynaecologists are also called OB/GYNs, these doctors focus on women's health, including pregnancy and childbirth.
They do Pap smears, pelvic exams, and pregnancy check-ups. OB/GYNs are trained in both areas.
Some of them may focus on women's reproductive health (gynaecologists), and others specialize in caring for pregnant women (obstetricians).
Oncologists are cancer specialists. They do chemotherapy treatments and often work with radiation oncologists and surgeons to care for someone with cancer.
An Ophthalmologist is an eye doctor. They can prescribe glasses or contact lenses and diagnose and treat various eye ailments and diseases.
Unlike optometrists, they're medical doctors who can treat every kind of eye condition as well as operate on the eyes.
An otolaryngologist is a specialist that treats diseases in the ears, nose, throat, sinuses, head, neck, and respiratory system.
Wrong medications are serious issues that happen in the course of treatments that can harm our health for a lifetime.They also can do reconstructive and plastic surgery on your head and neck.
Paediatricians are the ones who care for children from birth to young adulthood.
Some paediatricians specialize in pre-teens and teens, child abuse, or children's developmental issues.
Preventive Medicine Specialists may work in public health or at hospitals.
Some focus on treating people with addictions, illnesses from exposure to drugs, chemicals, and poisons, and other areas.
Psychiatrists are specialists who treat people with mental, emotional, or addictive disorders.
They can diagnose and treat depression, schizophrenia, substance abuse, anxiety disorders, and sexual and gender identity issues.
They focus on children, adolescents, or old ages. Pulmonologists are specialists for problems like lung cancer, pneumonia, asthma, emphysema, and trouble sleeping caused by breathing issues.
Rheumatologists are specializing in arthritis and other diseases in your joints, muscles, bones, and tendons.
You might see them for your osteoporosis (weak bones), back pain, gout, tendinitis from sports or repetitive injuries, and fibromyalgia.
Sleep Medicine Specialists are the ones who find and treat the causes behind your poor sleep.
They may have sleep labs or give you take-home tests to chart your sleep-wake patterns.
Colon and Rectal Surgeons are doctors for problems with your small intestine, colon, and bottom.
They can treat colon cancer, haemorrhoids, and inflammatory bowel disease.
General Surgeons are doctors who can operate on all parts of your body.
They can take out tumours, appendices, or gallbladders and repair hernias.
Many surgeons have subspecialties, like cancer, hand, or vascular surgery.
Urologists are surgeons whose specialities are for both men and women with problems in the urinary tract, like a leaky bladder.
They also treat male infertility and do prostate exams.
Plastic Surgeons or cosmetic surgeons. They rebuild or repair your skin, face, hands, breasts, or body.
That can happen after an injury or disease or for cosmetic reasons.
Sickness or health issues may occur to anyone unnotified. There are several sicknesses or illnesses which could be common or rare as well.
Maintaining the right diets, living the right lifestyle has been some issues highlighted in our previous articles to live a healthy life.
Wrong medications are serious issues that happen in the course of treatments that can harm our health for a lifetime.
Knowing our doctors associated with their specialities can save us from such errors coming our way. This article brings science to this aspect.
One time negligence and ignorance can incur lifetime regret.