World IVF Day: A Landmark in Fertility Treatment Worldwide

More than 3 million babies have been born worldwide through In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

<strong>Dr Rani Pathak Das</strong> - Guest Editor
Dr Rani Pathak Das - Guest Editor
Thirty-nine years down the lane. The occasion was the birth of Louis Brown - world's first test tube baby. Louis was born through In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF), a treatment now extremely common. Since then, this day, 25 July has been declared World IVF Day. As per statistics, more than 8 million babies have been born worldwide through various reproductive techniques. Of those, more than 3 million babies have taken birth through IVF.
Infertility has been a great concern in societies since ages. The pain of remaining childless can only be understood by a woman who faces the situation on ground. However, with the invention and prevalence of IVF technology in today's world, that problem has been addressed positively to a great extent.
WHO states that one in four couples in reproductive age in India faces difficulty in conceiving. Here it is often coupled with social and emotional stigma. Couples are hesitant to discuss fertility issues and many are not even open for adoption.
Loui Brown's birth has been the biggest landmark in the field of infertility treatment. The IVF practice has been upgrading and improving since then day by day. Dr. Chandana Narayana, Consultant Gynecologist and Infertility explains that patients who undergo IVF, gonadotropins (hormones that stimulate the ovaries) are administered to cause a controlled stimulation of the ovaries so that they produce more than one egg. The doctors then retrieve the egg just before ovulation as an ultrasound guided procedure. The eggs are then prepared for fertilization in the lab. The sperm can either be injected into the retrieved eggs (intracytoplasmic sperm injection, ICSI) or the doctors can wait for sperm to enter the eggs themselves (IVF).
In this week we also have World Hapatitis Day which is celebrated each year on 28 July to raise awareness of viral hepatitis, an inflammation of the liver that causes severe liver disease and hepatocellular cancer. According to WHO, this year's theme is "Hepatitis can't wait", meaning, much effort is needed to eliminate hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030. We have also World ORS Day on 29 July. On this day in 2001 the Indian Academy of Pediatrics declared ORS Day as a part of a major effort aimed at reducing childhood diarrhea deaths.
Coming to our publication at Fit North East, the week will see health and wellness articles without taking away our focus on Covid scenario in the region and the rest of the world.
The Debate section will reflect different views and opinions on "Lockdown and isolation is more dangerous than Coronavirus disease itself". We will also resume our Opinion Poll section with the notion that "Private Healthcare systems are better than the Public Healthcare systems". I wish all our readers a vibrant week ahead!

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