Hypertension or high-blood pressure is pretty common. Studies say that over a billion people around the globe have a high blood pressure. It is a condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high.
Typically it is represented by two numbers. The systolic blood pressure, which is the calculation when the heart is contracting. In the lower number, it is the diastolic, which is the pressure when the heart is relaxing. In most of the cases, the blood pressure is measured in the brachial artery in the upper arm as the pressure is high there.
A normal systolic blood pressure is defined as less than 120 mm of mercury and a normal diastolic pressure is measured more than 80 mm of mercury. The elevated systolic level can be counted between 120-129 mm of mercury and diastolic can be counted more than 80 mm.
A person is said to have stage 1 of hypertension when one has systolic count from 130-139mm and diastolic from 80-89 mm. In the stage 2 hypertension, the systolic level is more than 140 mm and the diastolic is more than 90 mm.
Typically both systolic and diastolic pressure both tend to climb or fall together. But that's not always the case. Sometimes the case may be different. It may happen that one is normal and the other is high. This condition is referred to as isolated diastolic hypertension or isolated systolic hypertension.
High blood pressure is a serious problem for the blood vessels as it causes wear and tear of the Endothelial cells inside the blood vessels. The damage of these cells might lead to myocardial infarction, aneurysm and stroke.
Dr Bhuyan adds that after a certain age (say 30) people should regularly go for a blood pressure check after regular intervals because it is seen that many people suffer from primary hypertension which does not show any symptoms.In 90% of the cases there is no underlying cause of hypertension found. This type of hypertension is called as essential hypertension.Over the time, the pressure in the arteries start creeping up.
Dr Rajib Bhuyan, a senior doctor from Guwahati, during his conversation with Fit Northeast, said that people who are obese, old age or on heavy sodium diet are more prone to hypertension.
He added that the sedentary lifestyle of the people adds to the chances of having hypertension but it can be corrected through a modification in the lifestyle.
There is a condition called hypertensive crisis, where the systolic jumps to more than 180 mm and diastolic hits more than 120 mm. it can be a case of emergency, which might cause damage to end organs like the brain, kidney, heart and lungs. Dr Bhuyan adds that after a certain age (say 30) people should regularly go for a blood pressure check after regular intervals because it is seen that many people suffer from primary hypertension which doesnot show any symptom.
In unfortunate cases, the unrecorded primary hypertension can cause a situation where the patient might face confusion, drowsiness, chest pain and drowsiness.
It was suggested that the people who have been suggested to take medications by the doctors should not discontinue their medication without the consent of the doctor. Fatty and oily food be strictly avoided as they might increase the levels of diastolic and systolic, which can result in conditions like stroke and death (in some cases).