Among all the health ailment, cancer is the one which is increasing at an alarming rate all around the globe. India's Northeast is also pretty ahead in the race.
Dr. M Krishnatreya, Medical Officer, Cancer Epidemiology Biostatistics & Cr, Dr. B Borooah Cancer Institute, Guwahati, explains the factors behind the rising cases of cancer in the region.
In the context of the Northeast, particularly Assam, Dr Krishnatreya said that the practice of consumption of Areca Nut along with Betel leaf was a major cause of cancer in the region. In addition to Areca Nut and Betel leaf, tobacco consumption is also extremely high compared to the other states in India.
He said that the ratio of male and female was almost the same on the ground of consumption of harmful products.
The B.Borooah Cancer institute registers nearly 35,000 cancer cases per year.
The male counterpart of the society mainly suffers from oral cancer, which affects the esophagus, throat and stomach. If he is a smoker then the lungs show damages along with these organs.
In addition to all the other varieties of cancer, gall bladder cancer is another alarming problem in Assam. It is the most common abdominal malignancy among the people in the Northeast.In the case of women from the urban area, there are cases of breast cancer. Other causes of this type of cancer may be late marriage resulting in late childbirth, poor breastfeeding habits and some therapies.
Breast cancer is caused due to exposure to various kinds of rays like ultraviolet rays and taking hormonal medicines or contraceptive pills. Breast cancer is curable if detected in the early stage.
In order to detect breast cancer, a breast examination should be done by the self on the 7th day after the 1st day of the period of bleeding. It can be done by using the palm and the pad on the fingertip.
In addition to all the other varieties of cancer, gall bladder cancer is another alarming problem in Assam. It is the most common abdominal malignancy among the people in the Northeast.
High incidents of Gall Bladder Cancer have been reported in the areas along the Ganges Delta. Gall stone is associated with gall bladder carcinoma which has been reported in 70-90 per cent with gall bladder cancer. Sonographies should be done after frequent intervals to check the gall bladder because, in most cases of gall bladder cancer, symptoms are seen the last stage.
In comparison to these cancers, the cases of curvical cancer have reduced in Assam which may be a reason behind the awareness of cervical cancer.