Irritable bowel syndrome is also known as mucus colitis and nervous colon. It is a longer-term chronic gastrointestinal disorder that causes continuous discomfort. Women are most affected by this condition in their late teens to early 40s.
According to a Guwahati-based gastroenterologist, IBS is not a life-threatening disorder, neither it causes other coon conditions like colon cancer, ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease.
IBS is likely to affect day to day life of an individual.
IBS can be mainly classified into IBS-C, IBS-D and IBS-M/IBS-A.
IBS with constipation(IBS-C) is one of the most common types during which there is abnormal bowel movement with hard or lumpy stool. This condition causes abdominal pain, gas and bloating.
"The Belly Rules The Mind"- Spanish Proverbs,The second type, IBS-D is also known as IBS with diarrhoea where more than a quarter of stools on your abnormal bowel movement days are loose, while less than a quarter are hard and lumpy. It causes abdominal pain and frequent urges to go.
The third type is IBS-M or IBS-A is also referred to as alternating constipation and diarrhoea. In this condition, the stools on abnormal bowel movement days will both become watery and hard.
The common symptoms of IBS include diarrhoea, constipation, nausea, a lot of gas or bloating of the abdomen, harder or looser stool than usual, food intolerance. Other symptoms which should not be ignored are frequent headaches, persistent fatigue, sudden and urgent urges to urinate, joint and muscle aches, irregular menstrual cycles.
The first towards the treatment of IBS is dietary change, intake of probiotics as prescribed by doctors, quit smoking and alcohol, regular exercise, gut-directed hypnosis, get proper sleep. Ayurvedic plays an important role in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome.
Studies have suggested the stress management and behavioral therapy can help provide relief from the symptoms of IBS in some people.