Pregnancy handling in rural areas simplified

An insight story by our journalist on how are women in rural areas assisted throughout their pregnancy stage and beyond

Pregnancy is a blessing for every woman. A properly guided pregnancy is very important to make the 9months comfortable for the lady as well for easy childbirth.
Speaking about pregnancy with senior gynaecologist and obstetrician, Dr Rashi Das it was informed that the missing of the period might be a major sign which indicates that a lady has conceived (or is pregnant). It such happens, one is immediately asked to approach the doctor or a pregnancy test done at home. Apart from that some of the symptoms like morning sickness, dizziness and weakness.
Talking to Fit Northeast, Dr Das said that pregnancy can be detected through ultrasonography and some simple blood tests. It was added that the age of the lady has a very important role to play with pregnancy. The perfect age to conceive is from 20 to 30. Medical histories have proven that as the age of the lady increases, there are increased chances of complications.
Apart from the phase of the pregnancy, the lady and her husband is also given pre-conception counselling by the gynaecologist
During the conversation, Dr Das said that in case if the lady belongs to the urban areas there is nothing much to worry as there is access to good medical treatments in the cities and towns. A lady can be in touch with the doctor at any moment the doctor throughout her pregnancy. Apart from the phase of the pregnancy, the lady and her husband is also given pre-conception counselling by the gynaecologist.
Pictorial representation of ASHA workers assisting a pregnant lady to the hospital
Image: Pictorial representation of ASHA workers assisting a pregnant lady to the hospital
In contrast to the ladies in the cities (or urban areas), there are the ANM and the ASHA workers to help the pregnant ladies in the rural areas. In the rural areas, surveys are being carried out by the ASHA workers after a certain interval to keep a track of the number of pregnant ladies. In every village, there are generally 1 ASHA worker (or in some instance, there may be 2). These ASHA workers in association with the ANMs also carry out awareness camps As soon as the ASHA worker comes to know that a lady has conceived, her name is registered by the ASHA worker and she is linked with the ANM, who takes care of the medical aspects of the pregnant women.
After that, the ANM does the basic health check-up of the lady which includes haemoglobin levels, blood pressure, sugar levels, and the BMI rate. After that the women are being started medications, which include iron tablets, vitamins, minerals etc. The ASHA workers take the responsibility of reminding the dates of hospital visits along with taking the responsibility of bringing them to the check-up centres safely. The ASHA also guides the pregnant ladies about which injection is to be taken on which date.
The medical treatment is given by the ANMs and in case of any complication; the case is immediately referred to a doctor. Throughout the phase of the 9 month of pregnancy the ASHA workers visit the homes of the pregnant ladies for a follow-up. During the day of delivery, it is the responsibility of the ASHA worker to ensure that the lady is safely brought to the hospital and dropped back home after the entire process of delivery is completed.



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