The liver is the largest organ in the body. The size of a healthy liver in women is 7 cm and 10.5 cm in males.
It is located in the upper right-hand portion of the abdominal cavity, beneath the diaphragm, and on top of the stomach, right kidney, and intestines.
It helps the body digest food, store energy, and remove poisons. It regulates most chemical levels in the blood and excretes a product called bile which helps to carry away waste products from the liver. All the blood leaving the stomach and intestines passes through the liver. More than 500 vital functions have been identified with the liver.
There may be several conditions of the liver like Hepatitis, Cirrhosis, Liver Cancer, Liver failure, Ascites, Primary sclerosing cholangitis.
Dr. Sangeet Dutta, a renowned Gastroenterologist), in an exclusive with Fit Northeast said that the most common liver issue of the present time is fatty liver. In simple terms, fatty liver disease is a condition in which fat builds up in the liver.
According to Dr. Dutta, there are several types (or stages) of fatty liver. The most common is around 50% of the patients is Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
When one suffers from NAFLD, there is fat accumulation in the liver due to many reasons, which include very commonly obesity, type 2 diabetes and prediabetes conditions, high cholesterol and triglycerides high blood pressure, the one who take certain drugs like corticosteroids, and some cancer drugs or metabolic disorders.
It is very important to note that the symptoms of NAFLD and alcoholic fatty liver diseases are often silent but in some cases, the patient might show symptoms like rapid weight loss accompanied by the feeling of constant fatigue.It is very important to note that the symptoms of NAFLD and alcoholic fatty liver diseases are often silent but in some cases, the patient might show symptoms like rapid weight loss accompanied by the feeling of constant fatigue.
Dr. Dutta said that since in the present day, the lifestyle and eating patterns of the people have changed, after the certain age of (say) 20, people get ultrasonography (of the whole abdomen) done annually along with some basic blood tests like hemoglobin, SGPT, SGOT to detect any mishappening at the earliest stage.
Speaking about the risk factors, Dr. Dutta said that if this condition is not paid proper attention at the initial stages itself, it might proceed to liver cancer.
When one is diagnosed with fatty liver, the cells in the liver (hepatocytes) inflame and cause damage to the liver. If the inflammatory changes continue for a longer period, it will lead to scar formation called fibrosis and after that, it is processed to a stage called cirrhosis. In some cases, it can lead to hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer).
It is possible to reverse NAFLD through a change in lifestyle and inclusion of exercise and correction of diet. Intake of some vitamins can also help in the correction of fatty liver.
Fatty foods like junk foods, sweet products including soft drinks, sweets should be strictly avoided. Oily fish and broiler chicken and eggs can be harmful. Intake of alcohol and caffeine products should be immediately stopped if diagnosed with fatty liver.
Doctors should be consulted before taking medicines as some medicine might harm the liver in the long run.