MoHFW releasrs National Family Survey reports

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) in India has issued the results

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) in India has issued the results of the fifth National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) for 2019-21. It displays the data on the population, health, and nutrition of each state and union territory in India.
As compared to NFHS-4, 96 per cent improvement in the source of drinking water and 69 per cent improvement in sanitation were witnessed in households. In India, there has been an increase from 79 to 89 per cent in institutional births.
Some other key points which were mentioned in the survey were that above the age of 15, the use of tobacco use was found to be 38 per cent in men and 9 per cent in women whereas alcohol intake was found to be 19 per cent in men and 1 per cent in women.
The survey showed a decline in Total Fertility Rate (TFR), the average number of children per woman, from 2.2 to 2.0 was witnessed. The replacement level fertility rate (>2.1) was found in only five Indian states namely Uttar Pradesh (2.35), Bihar (2.98), Manipur (2.17), Meghalaya (2.91), and Jharkhand (2.26).
The Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) hiked to 67 per cent and an increase from 48 to 56 per cent in modern contraceptives among women was also witnessed.
For ages between 15 to 49, 33 per cent of women do not use any contraceptive method. The remaining 67 per cent opt for female sterilization (38 per cent), condoms and nirodh (9.5 per cent), rhythm (6.2 per cent), pill (5.1 per cent), and withdrawal (4 per cent).
According to the nutritional status results of children below the age of 5, 3 per cent are overweight, 32 per cent are underweight, 19 per cent are wasted (thin), and 36 per cent are stunned (short)
On grounds of pregnancy termination, reports say that 3 per cent of the total cases constituted of abortion and 7 per cent of the cases involved miscarriage. 48 per cent of abortions were a consequence of unplanned pregnancy.
Picture depicting survey being carried out in the rural areas
Image: Picture depicting survey being carried out in the rural areas
67 per cent in children (6 to 59 months), 57 per cent in women, and 25 per cent in men showed signs of anemia.
According to the nutritional status results of children below the age of 5, 3 per cent are overweight, 32 per cent are underweight, 19 per cent are wasted (thin), and 36 per cent are stunned (short).
Seventy-seven per cent of children between the age of 12 to 23 months are up to date on their basic vaccinations.
283 per 100,000 men and 162 per 100,000 women suffer from tuberculosis. The prevalence of TB among men is higher.
For age 15 and above, 21 per cent women and 24 per cent men suffer from hypertension. 12 per cent of women and 9 per cent of men suffer from sexually transmitted infections (STIs).



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