Lymphoma: Why Early Diagnosis is Important

With the increasing number of cancer cases in the whole world, the number of Lymphoma cases are also on a rise

Among all the health issues in the present time, Cancer is one of the most common and fast-spreading diseases. Breast cancer is the most common cancers which we come across these days.
If we particularly focus on the Northeastern States including Assam, most of the people suffer from cancer due to the consumption of Areca Nut along with Betel leaf and also tobacco in many circumstances.
Speaking to Fit Northeast, Dr M Krishnatreya, Medical Officer, Cancer Epidemiology Biostatistics & Cr at Dr B Borooah Cancer Institute in Guwahati once said that in addition to the other varieties of cancer, gall bladder cancer is another alarming problem in Assam. In most common cases, abdominal malignancy is common among people.
Another type of cancer that has started affecting a number of people across the nation is Lymphoma. Lymphoma can be defined as cancer in the lymph node, which begins in the white blood cells (called lymphocytes).
These lymphocytes are the main part of the immune system and are infection-fighting cells. Apart from lymph nodes, there might be tumours in bone marrow, in the blood or under the armpit. The symptoms of lymphoma include fever, swollen lymph nodes, night sweats, chest pains, loss of appetite.
As per a study published in the Journal of Global Oncology, 52,942 cases of lymphoma were detected in India in 2020.
It was after research that a group of doctors in India recently came to the conclusion that proper and timely diagnosis of lymphoma can cure the disease for a lifetime. As per a study published in the Journal of Global Oncology, 52,942 cases of lymphoma were detected in India in 2020.
A tumor indicating the cancer in the lymph node
Image: A tumor indicating the cancer in the lymph node
Dr Rahul Bhargava, Director, Department of Clinical Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplant at the Fortis Hospital, Delhi said that Lymphoma has many entities with different patterns, different outcomes and varied treatments.
With advancements in treatment technology, the cases diagnosed at an early stage can be given better treatment. It was also added that often Lymphoma is misdiagnosed as Tuberculosis. The only way these two can be separated is by biopsy and blood work.
Early detection of lymphoma can be successfully treated through medication, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or stem-cell transplantation and BMT. The risk of lymphoma is higher in men than in women and in people who are 60 years and above.
Speaking about Lymphoma in children, Pediatric lymphoma is a very common pediatric malignancy. The signs and symptoms in cases of pediatric malignancy are different from those of the senior people.



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