Let us learn how important is sleep for us

In order to make ourselves healthier, we often keep on saying that proper diet and sleep is essential. But do we truly follow it?

Sleep is the paramount substance for the body, which is the primary requirement of a human body to work. A busy schedule and engagement in late-night activities can amount to slack in the health for irregular hours of sleep during the sleeping hours.
In a recent interview with Dr Yanpothung Yanthan (MD RADIATION ONCOLOGY) from Nagaland about sleep, he highlighted precisely the impact of sleep from different vista.
Dr Yanthan started his conversation by saying about the ideal amount of sleep required for a healthy body, drawing a clear comparison between the requirements of children, adolescent and old age.
He said that the ideal amount of sleep could vary from person to person. However, for a healthy adult, it is generally around 7 hours per night. Additionally, the quality of sleep is equally important. 
He further adds that the amount of sleep required for health varies according to different age group, with children or adolescent requiring more sleep than adults.
"For children and adolescents, deep sleep triggers the release of hormones that promote healthy growth, increase muscle mass, regulate puberty, and repair cells and tissues. Children who do not receive enough sleep may feel angry or sad, struggle with schoolwork, and have a hard time engaging with their peers in positive ways."
Both the physical and mental growth of man solely depends on the status of the initial growth time. Hence, children require more sleep than adults to enrich and balance both internal and external growth.
In our naiveness, we often disregard the importance of sleep for the smooth functioning of the body and mind. Dr Yanthan literates the general health distortion caused by having less sleep.
From the statement of Dr Yanthan, here are some ill-effects that we often blame on the diet we maintain, unaware of the fact that it is the result of the lack of adequate sleep.
He opines that insufficient sleep can lead to reduced performance, difficulty concentrating, poor mood, irritability, low energy, poor judgment, increased risk for accidents and death, and can cause harm to both psychological and physical health.
Sleep deprivation has an increased risk of death besides developing certain health complications like heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, decreased immunity.
Sleep deprivation has an increased risk of death besides developing certain health complications like heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, decreased immunity.
sleeping is healing
Image: sleeping is healing
In the case of a workaholic, late-night works must result in a weak mind and body. In order to ensure healthy energy, it is best to go to bed earlier at night and wake up early in the morning. In order to attain the best outcome, one should apply the same schedule every day, which is significant, Dr Yanthan added.
Some individuals have an insomniac condition at a very early age. Insomnia must not be mistaken with self-deprived sleeplessness. Individuals with insomnia will have trouble getting sleep even when the body feels fatigued. Are you suffering from insomnia?
Depression, anxieties, stress, old age, medical conditions, or medications and unhealthy lifestyles and sleeping habits are the common causes that trigger insomnia.
The most common issue among individuals with anxieties is insomnia which usually occurs before the development of depression which can also adversely persist independently.
Insomnia can, however, be treated with medical consultation and medication, cognitive-behavioural therapy, and other types of formal treatment. For some, practising healthy lifestyle habits and good sleep hygiene can help with specific dos and don'ts.
Limiting or eliminating naps, especially late in the day,
Restricting the use of alcohol, caffeine, and tobacco products in the evening, Avoiding late-night meals, Limiting screen-time (television, mobile phones, computers) prior to bedtime, Maintaining a healthy diet and exercise regularly during the day, Following a consistent sleep schedule every day. These measures effectively help overcome insomnia.
There are also old-age sleeping disorders. With growing age, an individual may get less sleep. That is, however, due to the effects of ageing in the areas of the brain that controls our sleep-wake cycle. Every ageing individual experiences the same. 
That could be changed in the production of hormones that promote sleep. Mental and physical health coupled with lifestyle changes may also interfere with their sleep. Older adults may have sleeping difficulties, but it does not mean they need less sleep.
The doctor concludes by saying that sleep is an essential part of our life, and we must adopt healthy sleep habits to have a healthy life".

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