Pregnancy is the most beautiful gift of nature to a woman which leads to the creation of a new life.
To know a little more regarding how pregnant women are taken care of in the rural areas, Fit Northeast spoke to one of the most experienced gynaecologists of Guwahati, Dr Bidyawati Das.
She said that whenever a girl comes to know that she is pregnant, she should not get scared about it as it is a very normal process of the body. It is important to get a pregnancy test done if a girl or a woman missed out on the date of her period or get some symptoms like vomiting in the early hours of the day, weakness.
A simple pregnancy test can be done at home using some pregnancy kits or by visiting and gynaecologist.
The next journey begins after the results come out as positive.
If a girl belongs to the city, she can approach any hospital or doctor for medical assistance. But if she is from the rural areas, she is advised to approach the ASHA worker in the respective village.
An ASHA worker is the one who takes care of the pregnant lady throughout the nine months and introduces her to the doctors who will deliver the baby. At a minimum, there is at least one ASHA in the village or maybe two sometimes depending on the size of the village.
In rural areas, an ASHA is the one who takes care of the pregnant lady throughout the most important nine months of her life.
An ASHA worker is the one who takes care of the pregnant lady throughout the nine months and introduces her to the doctors who will deliver the baby.As a girl approaches any ASHA worker at the initial stage of her pregnancy, the ASHA worker gets her pregnancy test repeated for confirmation. After it comes out as positive, the ASHA worker must get her name registered at the health centre where that particular ASHA works.
During registration, she keeps a record of the basic details of the women like her husband's name, her age, address, number of members in the family.
In a village, an ASHA worker also keeps a record of all the pregnant ladies in the same village.
Along with the ASHA worker, an ANM nurse also gets involved in providing her with all the care she needs.
When it comes to physical check-up, they first check her haemoglobin followed by her height and weight and even enquire that if the lady has any issues or hereditary problems like blood pressure or blood sugar.
As soon as she enters into her three months, ultrasonography is done to ensure the status of the baby. Then the sonography is repeated in the fourth month again. In the first 3 months, she is given to have folic acid tablets.
In a village, an ASHA worker and an ANM mostly take all the care but in case of any complication, a doctor is called to take care.
Nowadays the government also provides lots of facilities to pregnant women. In rural areas, every treatment is free of cost. It not only in the case of the pregnant lady but after the delivery, the child also avails free medical support up to 1 year of age.
On the day of delivery, the pregnant women are brought by a 108 ambulance to the medical dispensary. After the delivery, she is dropped at her home by a 102 ambulance.