The heart is the most important component of the human body. Proper heart care can lead to a healthy life. Proper heart care includes regular checking of blood pressure, control on the diet and lifestyle modification. The regular assessment of blood pressure is very important as it is the initial step of detection of any irregularity in the functioning of the heart.
Speaking about blood pressure in a brief, there are two things which we monitor. The first parameter or the "top" one is systolic and the second parameter or the "bottom" one is diastolic.
Whenever the heart beats, it pushes (sends) out blood to the rest of the body parts. At the moment of that beat, there is the pressure created on the wall of the heart. This particular pressure is created during the contraction of the left ventricle of the heart. The time at which the ventricle contraction occurs is called the Systolic.
As per some old regulations, the normal range of the systolic was below 120. The elevated range was from 120 to 129. The range from 130 to 139 denotes stage 1 of high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. Ranges above 140 and more fall under the category of stage 2 hypertension. The severe stage is called the hypertensive stage, where the blood pressure is recorded 180 or more.
The second parameter or the "bottom" one is diastolic, which indicates the pressure in the artery when the heart rests between the beats. There is a time when the heart fills up blood and gets oxygen. As per old regulations, the normal range occurs when the measurement is below (or lowers) than 80. The range from 80 to 89 denotes stage 1 of hypertension, 90 and beyond denotes stage 2 of hypertension and the range 90 and more. The range 120 or more denotes the hypertensive stage.
Dr Rumi Das, a senior medical officer having 29 years of experience said to Fit Northeast, "When people used to come to us to get their pressure checked and if it was 130 at the top, it was considered as normal, whereas 150 falls under the risk category".
A history of high blood pressure if ignored might even be a cause of a heart attack or a brain stroke. Even the slightest and smallest physical difficulty or feeling of discomfort should not be ignored.Dr Das added that they always advise people to keep a track of their blood pressure and go through heart-related tests because the sedentary lifestyle of people these days are a major cause of heart disease among those who have a family history.
A history of high blood pressure if ignored might even be a cause of a heart attack or a brain stroke. Even the slightest and smallest physical difficulty or feeling of discomfort should not be ignored. Sometimes there might be a stroke, which causes the tearing of small arteries. It is important to note that every part of the brain represents a body part and if there is a stroke in the brain, the body part which the brain represents might get paralyzed.
A new guideline was issued by the World Health Organization regarding blood pressure control. As per the new instruction, the systolic pressure of 130 should be the doorway to start medication. This is applicable to people who have health issues like heart complications and other risk factors.
Under this new guideline by the WHO, it was recommended initiating an anti-hypertensive treatment with medicine for people with a past history of heart disease, chronic kidney disease if their systolic blood pressure is between 130 and 139.
The issue of high blood pressure is a reason of major concern in the entire world as it causes 8.5 million deaths each year. As per reports by World Health Organization, nearly 41% of women and 51% of men are unaware of their health condition.
For those having blood pressure readings lower than 180/110, the Indian Protocol recommends treatment initiation with a single drug, whereas for the same case, WHO recommends a two-drug combination therapy.