With an objective to create awareness among the people regarding Hepatitis, the Nemcare Hospital in Guwahati organized a free Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C screening programme at its premises on the occasion of World Hepatitis Day on 28 July. The event was supervised by the Department of Gastroenterology and Department of Hepatology. Dr Amritangshu Borkakoty and Dr Biswajit Deuri from the Department of Hepatology and the Department of Gastroenterology respectively played a key role in the screening program at the hospital.
Fit Northeast was privileged to have a conversation with both the doctors and know what they had to say more about Hepatitis.
While initiating the conversation, Dr Amritangshu Borkakoty simplified that Hepatitis is nothing but inflammation or any kind of infection in the liver. People often suffer from jaundice, nausea, weakness, loss of appetite, indigestion when they have Hepatitis and there are many long-term complications. In maximum cases, it remains undiagnosed in our society.
"Hepatitis Can't Wait" is the theme of this year, which means quick detection through a screening followed by the proper treatment. Early detection and treatment play a major role in correcting Hepatitis."Hepatitis Can't Wait" is the theme of this year as declared by World Health Organisation, which means the quick detection through a screening followed by the proper treatment. Early detection and treatment play a major role in correcting Hepatitis.
Even though there are many causes of Hepatitis, it is mostly caused due to the virus (viral hepatitis). There are 5 Hepatitis virus, namely Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis D and Hepatitis E. Among all these 5 varieties of Hepatitis, Hepatitis B and C are most common and dangerous and is mostly spread due to injection and drug abuse.
It should be noted that the cause of the increasing number of these two varieties of cases is due to the menace of drugs in the current society. It is important to note that in the early stage there are generally no such symptoms and if the cases get detected at that time, treatment becomes easier. Hepatitis A and E are water-borne (or spreads through water), so it is extremely important to maintain proper water hygiene. It is detected in proper timing; serious ailments like liver cirrhosis and jaundice can be prevented.
In the Heaptitis screening camp, almost 150 people got themselves tested, who were mostly the one who came to visit the out-patient department at the pioneer hospital. Among them 5% to 10% of the people tested positive to Hepatitis and showed no symptoms. According to Dr Borkakoty, such cases are even more dangerous. It is silent in most cases, but might give a rise to liver cancer or cirrhosis in the future.
The importance to create awareness among the people regarding drugs and water hygiene in order to stay away from Hepatitis was highlighted in Hepatitis screening camp. There are vaccines for all the verities of Hepatitis (except of Hepatitis A) and people who are at risk (or have any kind of liver disease) should get vaccinated after consulting a doctor to reduce further risk of Hepatitis.
Dr Biswajit Deuri said that as technology has improved, medication and treatment have come up for Hepatitis too. Instead of getting panic after getting diagnosed with Hepatitis, it is important to do routine check-ups and keep away from the ailment. Hand hygiene should be maintained on a regular basis and it should be even stricter in case of pregnant women as it is said that "prevention is better than cure".