Govt sets target to eliminate Malaria from the country by 2030

As per records by the WHO, there were 627 000 malaria deaths, around the globe in 2020

Union Health Minister Dr. Mansukg Mandavia said that the government is working on a comprehensive plan towards the elimination of Malaria and Tuberculosis from the country. He said the government has set a target of eliminating Malaria from the country by 2030 and making the country free by 2025.
In simple words, malaria can be termed as a life-threatening disease caused by mosquito bites. It occurs when a person is bit by a female Anopheles mosquito. As per data from the World Health Organization, in the year 2020, there were an estimated 241 million cases of malaria worldwide. The estimated number of malaria deaths stood at 627 000 in 2020.
The primary symptoms of malaria are mainly- fever, headache and chills , usually appear 10 -15 days after the infective mosquito bite and may be mild and difficult to recognize as malaria. If the symptoms are left ignored, malaria can progress to severe illness and the final result may be the death of the patient within a period of 24 hours.
Malaria is considered one of the vector-borne disease as it is a that results from an infection transmitted to humans and other animals by blood-feeding anthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas. Examples of other vector-borne diseases include Dengue fever, West Nile Virus and Lyme disease.
Fit Northeast had a conversation with senior officials of the Directorate of National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme under the National Health Mission (Assam) on the occasion of World Malaria Day (April 25). Data from the NHM revealed that in the year 2015, there were 11,557 malaria cases and in the year 2021, 484 cases has been recorded.
There has been a 97% reduction in cases of malaria. Assam has shown a great decline in the malaria cases as a result of which, Assam has been awarded by the Union Health Minister.
There has been a 97% reduction in cases of malaria. Assam has shown a great decline in the malaria cases as a result of which, Assam has been awarded by the Union Health Minister.
representative image
Image: representative image
United efforts are being put from all counters to make the target of "0 Malaria" by 2030. The "0 Malaria" target defines the zero case of indigenous malaria. Data shows that few cases of migrated malaria are reported in Udalguri, BTAD, Karbi Anglong and Dimasa. Experts from the NHM said that the malaria mosquitoes are mainly prevalent in the hilly areas.
In the rural areas, the ASHA workers conduct a fortnightly survey for malaria. The people who suffer from fever (or complain any similar symptoms) are immediately tested using an emergency kit and if the results are positive, they are immediately isolated. In rural areas, the people are given Insecticide Treated Bednets (ITNs) or Long Lasting Impregnated Bednets (LLINs).
In the rural areas, frequent awareness programs are being carried out among the people and the ASHA workers and other health workers are encouraged to do more and frequent check-ups and follow-ups for malaria. They are also well-trained to carry out their services at par excellence.
Assam, as an individual state has been successful in showing a decrease in malaria cases in the last few years.



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