Increasing health care expenses is a major concern these days. Health insurance can surely save us from the hospital bills but we cannot escape from paying bills at the pharmacy when we buy our regular and day-to-day medicines.
The rising price of some medicines is a threat to our wallets. This is because most of us buy patent medicines from the pharmacy or the chemist shop.
Patent medicines are those medicines, whose entire process from research, manufacturing, advertising and promoting incurs a huge cost. As a result, the price of the simple medicine increases by the time it available to the user. These medicines are commercially produced and advertised to increase its sale.
At times it becomes difficult for the people of the poor section of the society to buy these medicines due to their rising price.
In contrast to the high pricing patent medicines, there are some medicines called generic medicines. There are very few people or shops who buy or sell generic medicines as doctors mostly prescribe patent medicines as they work faster.
Generic medicines are those medicines that contain the same chemical substance or composition as the drug which the patent medicine has.
In the year 2008, a campaign named Pradhan Mantri Bharatiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana was launched by the department of pharmaceuticals in association with Central Pharma Public Sector undertaking to provide quality medicines at affordable price.
Since the active chemical substance is the same, the medical profile of the generic medicine is considered equivalent in performance to those of its patent medicine. Besides having the same drug component, it differs in various matters from its patent medicines.
Those grounds of differences are - generic medicines are not advertised and promoted as patent medicines are, the process of manufacturing may be different, the colour, flavour and packaging may be different.
In contrast to patent medicines, generic medicines are not affiliated with a particular company and are subjected to government regulations.
In the year 2008, a campaign titled Pradhan Mantri Bharatiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana was launched by the department of pharmaceuticals in association with the Central Pharma Public Sector undertaking to provide quality medicines at affordable price.
Under this campaign, Jan Aushadhi centres are set up at different locations where people can get all the generic medicines at the lowest prices. This was an initiative by the Central governmnent in order to relieve the poor people and taking them a step ahead towards better medication.