Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Hear from the experts

5.8% of the total Indian population suffers from Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) or Panic Disorder

In the present times, most of people have a very hectic lifestyle. This busy lifestyle also makes a deep impact on human minds.
Reports by WHO reveal that India, China and the US have the highest number of people suffering from anxiety, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.
Speaking particularly about India, 5.8% of the total population suffers from Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) or Panic Disorder. It is seen twice as prevalent in females than in males.
"It is a very common issue among people of various ages including children, adolescence, adults and the aged people", adds a city-based psychiatrist. People suffering from GAD have some kinds of vague or unidentified fear in their minds along with various other unnecessary negative thoughts. In some cases, the patient might also suffer from insomnia and lack of appetite accompanied by weight loss, and stomach upset (Irritable Bowel Syndrome).
"It is a very common issue among people of various ages including children, adolescence, adults and the aged people", adds a city-based psychiatrist
The human brain has several neurotransmitters that send messages back and forth. These neurotransmitters control the way people feel and think. One of these neurotransmitters is serotonin, which is involved in many brain and body functions. The low levels of serotonin in the brain are a cause of depression. Dr Bhaskar Sarma Neog, a renowned psychiatrist said that if serotonin is being disrupted from going to the brain, it can cause the feeling of anxiety and depression (lowness).
representative image
Image: representative image
In many cases, GAS can also be a result of a complex interaction of genetic, trauma-related, and psychological factors. The symptoms of GAD are not attributed to any physiological effects of drugs or medication or due to a medical condition like hyperthyroidism which creates access of thyroid hormones, which can sometimes cause symptoms of anxiety and worry.
The treatment of GAD goes accordingly as per the level of severity of the symptoms shown. Like the treatment of any other mental disorder, this too includes the usage of psychotherapy and medications. Psychotherapy teaches the patient to use alternate ways of reacting or responding to the situations instead of doing things that give them anxiety.
Dr Sarma Neog said that the support of the family members acts as a miracle in healing the people who suffer from GAD. It is important for the family members to understand what the patient is going through and behave with them accordingly. The patient should never be left alone or made to feel as if he is something different from the others.



Be the first to start a discussion here. Sign-in to write a comment now!