Functional neurological disorder of FND originates from a real problem in the functioning of the brain. In such a case, patients present neurological symptoms which are not explained by traditional neurological disorders, rather it's a condition that sits between neurology and psychiatry. It is the 2nd most common reason to see a neurologist. It is not caused by any structural damage to the nervous system and that is why it is not seen in the diagnostic tests that are usually performed.
This disease can affect both adults and children, although the most common diagnosis is in young women. Although FND is listed as a rare disease, researchers are finding that functional symptoms are often seen in neurological services making it a common disorder. One report indicates approximately 1/3 of outpatient neurology clinic attendances are patients reporting functional symptoms. The causes may be multifactoral like Biological factors, physiological, and social factors.
Symptoms usually appear suddenly and progress quickly. The manifestations are diverse and include difficulties in moving body parts or walking, pain and fatigue, tremor and sensory changes. Such as changes in vision.
FND can be diagnosed by observing the patient's behavior and taking his clinical history over a period of time. The various process of treating patients having Functional Neurological Disorder include the several stages-
• Consultation Clinic: Clients receive a clinical evaluation resulting in an individualized treatment plan
Symptoms usually appear suddenly and progress quickly. The manifestations are diverse and include difficulties in moving body parts or walking, pain and fatigue, tremor and sensory changes.• Therapy Groups: Virtual and in-person, designed specifically for clients with FND
• Individual Psychotherapy: Select opportunity for time-limited services
The earlier the patient is diagnosed, the quicker is the chance of treatment. In the stage of the treatment communication between the doctor and the patient plays an important role. Typically, the symptoms are not life threatening, but complications that arise may be debilitating or decrease a person's quality of life. Once reassured that their symptoms are not related to a physical condition or serious illness, many people with FND recover.
This disease is reversible but recovery takes place slowly.
April 13 is observed as International Functional Neurological Disorder Day but the entire week is celebrated as an awareness week to make people aware about how to tackle this issue.