India's Northeast is a region best known for its rich ecosystem. Widely acknowledged for the ethnicity of its people, plants and way of life, many people across the country who have visited or explored the region have been greatly enticed particularly by its unique food crops. People from this region extensively use garden fresh and wild fruits and vegetables.
From the most common fruits to the rarest, the northeastern states of India are plenty in varieties of fruits whose richness is added by the climatic condition. There are kinds of fruits that are yet to be exposed globally, or are rarely seen in the markets. Some of the exotic fruits found in this region in plenty are kiwi fruits, lanzones, grapefruits, pomelo, wild olive (Elaeagnus Latifolia), passion fruits, pineapples, plum, peach, honeydew melon and golden melon, cantaloupe, star fruits, custard apple (cherimoya), sugar apple, sour soap, desi berries, bitter berries, sour berries, black mulberry, bayberry, gooseberry and a variety of sweet berries. The region is also rich in berry varieties that are yet unknown to many people but are consumed for health.
Fruits like sugar apple, custard apple, kiwi fruits, pomelo, grapefruits, cantaloupe, honey melon, golden melon, passion fruit and plum are rich in vitamin A and C that has the capacity to boost the immune system.
Kiwi is one of the exotic fruits found in abundance in the cold region of the northeastern states like Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya and Sikkim. Kiwi contains abundant amounts of vitamin A and C, which stimulates the body's immune response. In fact, the kiwi fruit contains roughly 230% of the daily recommended intake of Vitamin C which provides a burst of immune-boosting nutrients. Kiwis are also rich in antioxidants. Antioxidants help to eliminate free radicals within the body and reduce oxidative stress. Ultimately, this may protect the body from inflammation and disease.
Pomelo and grapefruits are other exotic fruits found in almost all the parts of the northeastern region. These contain a variety of vitamins and minerals and are an excellent source of vitamin C. It has a powerful immune-boosting antioxidant that helps prevent cellular damage from harmful compounds called free radicals.
From the most common fruits to the rarest, the northeastern states of India are plenty in varieties of fruits whose richness is added by the climatic condition.Fruit fibre in pomelo and grapefruits has been associated with improved bone density, long-term weight maintenance, improved gut and brain health, and a decreased risk of some chronic diseases.
Cantaloupe, honeydew melon, golden melons are other exotic fruits from the melon family which are found in the region. These fruits are not simply known for their taste but also for their richness in vitamins and minerals. It has vitamin C which has a powerful antioxidant that protects your cells from damage. Its richness in vitamin A helps keep your eyes, skin, bones, and immune system healthy. It also contains potassium which is important for your heart, muscles, and blood pressure.
The Soh Shang or wild olive is botanically known as Elaeagnus Latifolia and it is found in many northeastern states. This fruit is rich in calcium, magnesium, vitamin C, phosphorus and is a strong anti-carcinogenic.
The juice of Sophie is used as first aid to expel bacteria and ulcer that trouble the intestines.
Lanzones, bitter berries, sour berries, sweet berries, desi berry, gooseberry, bayberry, black mulberry, star-fruits and pineapples are some exotic fruits that have different health as well as medicinal benefits and also enhance the immune system.