The Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare , Dr Bharati Praveen Pawar in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today stated that as per the Global Burden of Disease study, published in Lancer Public Health , the cases of dementia in India were estimated to be 38, 43, 118 in the year 2019.
The minister stated that risk for dementia can be potentially reduced by better management of diabetes and hypertension. Government of India is implementing the National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke ( NPCDCS) with focus on strengthening infrastructure , human respurces development, screening , early detection and management of common Non Communicable Diseases ( NCDs) including diabetes and hypertension.
The Government is also implementing the National Programme for Health Care of the Elderly (NPHCE)Screening for common NCDs is also an integral part of service delivery under Ayushman Bharat- Health and Welfare Centres. Government is also implementing the National Programme for Health Care of the Elderly ( NPHCE). The minister in her reply stated that to address the burden of mental disorders, the Government is supporting implementation of the District Mental Health Programme ( DMHP) under NMHP in 704 districts of the country for detection , management and treatment of mental disorders and illness.
The major activities of NPHCE include setting up of Geriatric Department in regional Geriatric Centres (RGC) with OPD care services and 30 bedded Geriatric Ward, setting up of Geriatric units at District Hospitals to provide specialized Geriatric Services including a 10 bedded Geriatric Ward, establishment of a rehabilitation unit at all Community Health Centres and Geriatric Clinics twice a week, setting up of weekly Geriatric Clinic by trained Medical Officers at Primary Health Centres and information, education and communication activities on healthy lifestyle, home care to the bedridden and supporting devices for the needy elderly persons at the sub-centre level.
Under the Tertiary care component of the National Mental Health Programme, 25 Centres of Excellence along with 47 PG Departments have been sanctioned to increase the intake of students in PG departments in mental health specialities as well as to provide tertiary level treatment facilities.