As per reports by the World Health Organization, Tobacco kills more than 8 million people each year. More than 7 million of these deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while around 1.2 million are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke. The reports also revealed that over 80% of the world's 1.3 billion tobacco users live in low- and middle-income countries. In 2020, 22.3% of the global population used tobacco, 36.7% of all men and 7.8% of the world's women.
"May 31st is observed as anti-tobacco day and it is on this day we should say 'NO' to tobacco" said Dr. Biju Jahan Chaliha Begum. Mrs. Begum is an active member of the "Dhopat Birudhi Oikyo Moncha". Mrs. Begum, who is a veterinary doctor and serves the pain and palliative care, started this organization along with a few concerned citizens to create an awareness among the people about the health hazards of tobacco. She is also joined by Mr. Debaraj Kalita, her uncle. A few years ago Mr. Kalita lost his voice following the removal of his voice box after a cancer surgery. Equally involved in the activities relating to awareness and making a tobacco-free society, Mr. Kalita attends every meeting and gathering and does the best he can.
The reports also revealed that over 80% of the world's 1.3 billion tobacco users live in low-and middle-income countries.Senior cancer specialist from B.Barooah Cancer Institute, Dr. Nripoti Kalita was also a part part of the meet. While addressing the crowd at the Press Club, Dr. Kalita said that in Assam the number of women who consume tobacco are equally increasing as compared to the gents population. He added that we can get rid of tobacco only if we are determined about it. The base of having or taking tobacco starts at home (parental influence). He further educated that the use of tobacco reduces the child carrying in women and also reduces the fertility in men. He added that in urban areas, 35% of the married couples are childless and the healthcare system is equally responsible for it.
Dr. Kalita added that tobacco which is taken in the dry form, contains Nicotine, which promotes (or gives)the feeling of drowsiness. Along with that, it contains 7000 other chemicals, among which 69 causes cancer in the body. Situations become dangerous when these chemicals penetrate the blood streams. Along with this, he added that passive smokers are more susceptible to the risk of having cancer.
Senior child specialist, Dr. Ananta Bhuyan, who was also a part of the meet said that it is high time that the government implement some rules to restrict or minimize the use of tobacco so that we can soon achieve the goal of having a TOBACCO-FREE SOCIETY. It is also the duty of the teachers and the parents to strictly educate their children and students about the ill- effects of this harmful component.