Immunization is the process by which the immune system of the individual becomes fortified against an unknown agent called immunogen.
Keeping in mind the importance of vaccination, Assam's Health and Family Welfare has taken up initiatives to ensure the immunization of every individual.
One such initiative is the "Routine Initiative" which is a nation's strategic investment in its future. This program is dynamic and has evolved to address the changing public health needs in the country.
Tremendous gains have been made in immunization coverage in a country where challenges reflect accessibility, acceptability and availability issues.
With the success of eradication of smallpox, the immunization programme was implemented as an Expanded Program of Immunization in 1978 targeting children under 5 years only in the urban area. In 1985, the immunization programme expanded as a Universal Immunization Programme which focused the children under 1 year.
The programme reached every corner of the country in 1990 and now the programme has become an integral part of India's public health infrastructure. Immunization is important because it is one of the most effective methods of preventing childhood diseases.
Under the universal immunization programme, significant achievements have been made in preventing and controlling vaccine-preventable diseases. It ensures full immunization, starting from receiving one dose of BCG, three doses of DPT, Heb-B and OPV each one dose of Measles before one year of age. Immunization is the key strategy to child survival.
Under the universal immunization programme, significant achievements have been made in preventing and controlling vaccine-preventable diseases.Since then there have been several milestones in the field of immunization in India.
The first milestone was set in the year 1978 with the introduction of the expanded programme of immunization against diseases like BCG, DTP, OPV and Typhoid.
In the year 1983, pregnant women started receiving the Tetanus Toxoid vaccines.
In 1990, vitamin A supplement was made available to the common man. Soon after that, the Hepatitis B vaccine introduced as a pilot in 33 districts a few cities of 10 states.
In 2005, the national rural health mission started the use of the auto-disable syringe which was introduced by the World Health Organisation and UNICEF. These are such types of syringes, which is designed to get automatically locked after a single use, hence no chance of reuse.
in 1985 the program was changed to a universal immunization programme and the measles vaccine was added in the same year.
This is how the journey of some significant vaccination started in our country which has been successful in the number of diseases of the people.