A low down on kidney diseases

Some tips on management and cure

Kidney is an important part of our body and is responsible for filtering out waste and extra water through the urine. Kidney problems should be treated seriously because these problems can be debilitating or even life threatening if not treated at the right time.
Kidney disease can occur to anyone, regardless of age and sometimes the initial stages do not show any signs or symptoms. This can pose as a deadly threat to a person suffering from kidney disease and hence timely/periodic body checkups are strongly recommended. People with diabetes or high blood pressure are generally at a greater risk of contracting kidney diseases.
Some common kidney diseases are kidney stones, acute kidney injury, kidney cysts and kidney infections. Kidney failure, also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is the last stage of chronic kidney disease where the body creatinine level abnormally shoots up.
The easiest way to prevent all kinds of kidney disease is by drinking sufficient quantities of clean water, which will filter out all unwanted wastes through urine. However, the case is quite contrary for patients of end stage renal disease where water intake is limited and often prescribed by the treating nephrologist. To prevent kidney diseases, one should follow a balanced diet which contains the right amount of nutrients such as calories, fats, carbohydrates and proteins.
Consuming fresh fruits and vegetables can also prevent the kidney from being damaged. To have a healthy kidney, one must avoid drinking alcohol, consuming tobaccos and also stop the intake of drugs. Limiting salt intake and curtailing the intake of red meat is strongly recommended.
When we acquire kidney diseases, it does not mean that the kidney cannot be healed. Kidney diseases can be detected through symptoms or through medical test results. Symptoms of kidney disease include pain in the back, passing blood with urine, pain while urinating, a constant need to urinate, muscle cramps, itchy skin etc.
To have a healthy kidney, one must avoid drinking alcohol, consuming tobaccos and also stop the intake of drugs.
Once you experience such symptoms, it is really essential to go for a proper medical checkup without any further delay. Apart from medical treatments that are needed if the stage of disease has advanced, home remedies can also be used in terms of treatment and management of a kidney disease.
Representative image of dialysis
Image: Representative image of dialysis
For instance, the most important and simplest remedy for kidney stones is to drink sufficient quantities of water. Keeping one's body rehydrated at all times can go a long in preserving the optimal functioning of the kidney.
Once you experience the symptoms of a kidney disease, you should consult a doctor immediately. Medicines like painkillers, medicines that contain potassium and minerals, antibiotics etc. should be avoided or used in small dosages to prevent the kidney from being damaged further. Also, foods containing high sodium must be avoided along with beverages which include caffeine and high acidity levels.
Once both the kidneys fail, there is little or no chance for the patient to survive without undergoing a kidney transplant. Alternately he/she will need to be on dialysis that is a process undertaken at regular intervals for filtering body waste (excess water and toxins) by purifying the blood through a dialysis machine. Through dialysis potassium and sodium levels are kept in control and the blood pressure too is regulated. It must be mentioned here that dialysis is actually just a management technique (of end stage renal disease) and not really a cure.
Unfortunately the ongoing and existing research in terms of treatments pertaining to end stage renal disease worldwide has not really been too encouraging. This is actually unlike cancer where research investments (and consequently outcomes) have been relatively significant.
Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are solely the author's and Fit NorthEast does not take any liability. Though the facts and information stated here are genuine and authentic we recommend that you consult your nephrologist for exact diet and other related prescriptions that are required to treat your specific kidney disorder.   



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